March 22, 2015

Ćurković Soldiers in WW1

By Ivan Ćurković   Posted on  Sunday, March 22, 2015   Ćurković No comments

In my last post I wrote about the Verlustliste (Casualty List), a publication that was regularly published during the Great War of 1914-18. I have decided to continue with the WW1 theme and now present a listing of all the soldiers from the WW1 who shared the Ćurković surname (includes 56 records, some of which refer to the same individual more than once).

  • Carkovic Ante, Schütze, k.k. SchR. Nr. 37, Dalmatien, San Pietro, Pucischie, 1893; (War kriegsgef. Im Austauschwege als Kriegsinvalide zurückgekehrt.)
  • Cučković Dimitrije, Lstlnfst.,bh. IR. Nr. 4, 2. ErsKomp., Bosnien, Glamoč, Podgradina, 1894; kriegsgef., Birjutsch, Gouvernement Woronesch, Rußland.
  • Čukovič Ivan, Infst., bh. IR. Nr. 2, Bosnien, Duvno, Zuponjac, 1889; gestorben (7./11. 1917).
  • Čurak Nikola, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, Bosnien, Livno, 1887, verw.
  • Čurak Pilip, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, Bosnien, Livno, Odzak, 189?, verw.
  • Čurković Ačim, Korp., bh. IR. Nr. 4, MarschR. Nr. 18, 14. Komp., Bosnien, Glamoč, 1889, verw.
  • Čurković Andreas des Marko, ErsResInfst., IR. Nr. 22, 7. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, 1882; tot. (Laut Meldung des italienischen Roten Kreuzes gestorben am 12./2. 1916 in Asinara, Italien. Nicht legal nachgewiesen. War kriegsgef. gemeldet.)
  • Curković Andreas des Marko, Inft., IR. Nr. 22, 7. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, 1882; kriegsgef.
  • Curković Ante, Korp., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 8. Komp., tot (28./11. 1914.)
  • Čurković Ante, PatrfTitUntJäg., bh. FJB. Nr. 4, 3. Komp., Bosnien, Zupanjac, Konto, 1883; verw.
  • Čurković Blaž, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 1. Komp, Bosnien. Županjac, Grabovice, 1889, tot (20./7.-20./9. 1915).
  • Curković Božo des Josip, Gefr., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 1. Komp., Dalmatien, Zara, 1893; verw.
  • Curković Božo des Petar, lnfst., IR. Nr. 22, 18. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, Bitelić, 1892; kriegsgef., Carpiagne, Frankreich. (War kriegsgef. in Niš, Serbien, gemeldet.)
  • Curković Božo, Inft,, k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 1. Komp., Dalmatien, Zara, 1893; verw.
  • Čurković Božo, Inft., IR. Nr. 22, 13. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, Bitelić, 1892, verw.
  • Čurković Božo, Inft., IR. Nr. 22, 13. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, Bitelić, 1892; kriegsgef., Niš, Serbien.
  • Čurković Božo, Inft., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 7. Komp., Daimatien, Zara, Nona, 1883; kriegsgef.
  • Čurković Božo, Lstlnfst., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 6. Komp., Bosnien, Županjac, Vinica, 1896; tot (15./3. 1917).
  • Čurković Filip, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 1. Komp, Bosnien, Županjac, Vínica, 1880, verw.
  • Čurković Franjo, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, verw.
  • Curković Ilija, Gefr., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 5. Komp., Bosnien, Livno, Crni Lug, 1881; kriegsgef., Vereinigtes Evalmationsspital Nr. 32 in Nishnij-Nowgorod, Rußland.
  • Curković Ivan des Josip, Tnfst., IR. Nr. 22, 3. ErsKomp., Dalmatien, Sinj, 1893; kriegsgef., S. Maria, C. V., Italien.
  • Curkovic Iwan, LstUl., k.k. UR. Nr. 6, 2. Esk., Bosnien, Gradiska, Micic Twyak, 1876; gestorben (10./7. 1917).
  • Čurković Jakob, Infst., bh. IR. Nr. 1, Hercegovina, Mostar, Glavnica, 1889; verw.
  • Čurković Josef, Inft., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 9. Komp., 1893; verw.
  • Curković Josip, Inft., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 8. Komp., verw.
  • Curković Joso des Luka, ErsResGefr., IR. Nr. 22, 17. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, Bitalič, 1885; verw.
  • Curković Joso, Inft., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 2. Komp., verw.
  • Čurković Jovo, Inft., bh. LIR. Nr. 4, verw.
  • Čurković Jovo, Lstlnft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 2. ErsKomp., Bosnien, Livno, Zastinje, 1880; kriegsgef., Jelez, Gouvernement O...Rußland.
  • Čurković Jozo, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, tot (1.—10./8.1915).
  • Čurković Jure, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, verw.
  • Čurković Jure, ResGefr., IR. Nr. 70, 4. Komp., Bosnien, Županja, Kutovine, 1880; verw.
  • Curković Kosta, Reslnft., bh. IR, Nr. 4, 5. Komp., Bosnien, Livno, 1887; kriegsgef., Slobodskoj, Gouvernement Wja...Rußland.
  • Curković Lovre, Inft., k.k. LstIR. Nr. 23. 2. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, 1878; verw.
  • Curković Luka, Inft., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 7. Komp., Dalmatien, Zara, 1885; kriegsgef.
  • Curkovič Mare, Infst., IR. Nr. 22, Dalmatien, Benkovac, 1893, gestorben (23./6. 1918).
  • Ćurković Marko, Infst., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 7. Komp., Bosnien, Zastinje, 1894; verw.
  • Curković Marko, Inft., k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 10. Komp., Dalmatien, Sinj, 1893; verw.
  • Curković Marko, Inft.j k.k. LIR. Nr. 23, 4. Komp., verw.
  • Curković Mihajlo. Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, verw.
  • Curković Muharem, Infst., bh. IR. Nr. 4, 11. Komp., Hercegovina, Stolac, Capljina, 1894; verw.
  • Čurković Mustafa, Korp.. bh. IR. Nr. 1. Bosnien, Zenica, 1881; kriegsgef., Tomsk, Rußland.
  • Curković Nikola des Spiro, ErsResInfst., IR. Nr. 22, 18. Komp., Bosnien, Bosn. Krupa, Dobroselo, 1890; verw.
  • Čurković Nikolaus des Spaso, ErsResInfst., IR. Nr. 22, 18. Komp., Bosnien, Bos. Krupa, Dobroselo, 1890; verw.
  • Čurković Pava, Inft., k. k. LIR. Nr. 23, 10. Komp., 1887, verw.
  • Čurković Pero, Inft, bh. IR. Nr. 4, tot (22.-30./11. 1914).
  • Čurković Sime, Inft., k.k LIR. Nr. 23, 3. Komp., verw.
  • Curković Sime, Inft., k.k. LIR, Nr. 23., II./XVIL Marschkomp., Dalmatien, Zara, 1893; verw.
  • Curković Stefan, Infst., bh. IR, Nr. 4, 7, Komp., Bosnien, Glamoč, 1893; verw.
  • Čurković Stipe, Inft,, FstIB. Nr. 6, 4. Komp., Bosnien, Bugojno, Vrila, 1883; verw.
  • Čurković Stipo, Inft., bh. IR, Nr. 4, verw.
  • Čurković Teodor, Reslnft., k.u. LIR. Nr. 28, 4. Komp., Slavonien, Irig, 1885, kriegsgef.
  • Curkovič Vice, Lstlnfst., IR. Nr. 97, Bosnien, Zupanjac, Knica, 1888; tot (5/7. 1916).
  • Curković, Gefr., k. k. LIR. Nr. 23, 4. Komp., verw.
  • Čusković Pero, Inft., bh. IR. Nr. 4, tot (28./3.—7./4. 1915).

The above list mentions the soldier name, his corporal group, subsection, home country, district, locality, year of birth and any news (verw. = wounded, kriegsgef. = prisoner of war and tot = dead).

I have also left the names as I found them. Some of the people included above are likely there due to a mispelling of the name. I have also included a couple of individuals with different surnames whose surnames were likely Ćurković. I have also included a couple of Ćurak soldiers from Odžak near Livno (their ancestors shortened their names and were originally from Kazaginac located a few kilometres south).

It is not known where the soldiers came from in 16 cases. Most of the soldiers listed above come from the Sinj (9) area, followed by Tomislavgrad (7 - then known as Županjac), Livno (6), Zadar (5 - then known by it's Italian name, Zara), Glamoč (3), Benkovac (1), Bugojno (1), Irig (1 - in today's Vojvodina region of Serbia). The other places listed (i.e. Čapljina, Zenica, Bosanska Krupa, etc.) are likely mistakes but have included anyway).

The records above were researched using the Digital State Library of Upper Austria website.

February 27, 2015

Casualties of WW1 in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy

By Ivan Ćurković   Posted on  Friday, February 27, 2015   Škojo 1 comment
No one needs to be reminded about the dangers of war. The first World War is proof of this fact. It is estimated that there were over 37 million casualties - over 16 million dead and another 20 million wounded.

Last year marked the 100 year anniversary of the Great War which broke out when the Bosnian Serb, Gavrilo Princip, assasinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Hercegovina. Austria-Hungary as we knew it ceased to exist by the end of the War. Bosnia-Hercegovina would enter a new union with the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later to be known as Yugoslavia).

The War had a great impact on World events and naturally, with my family living within the borders of then Austria-Hungary, a number of my family members were called to serve in the Austro-Hungarian army.

One such relative was my great-grandfather, Ante Ćurković (1877-1918). Not much is known about his life. My grandfather was only six years old when his father passed away. He was said to be a good and likeable man who served in the Austro-Hungarian army somewhere in Galicia (the area roughly bordering southern Poland and western Ukraine). According to his death record, he was wounded in the War and died a short time after arriving home.

For the longest time I wondered about the man who died at the young age of 41. Who was he? What did he look like? Where did he go? Why? All these questions and more had me determined to learn more about the man whose surname I proudly carry today.

Thanks to RadixIndex I may now have a way to learn more about my great-grandfather. RadixIndex pointed me to a great website at the Digital State Library of Upper Austria that hosts digital volumes of a publication that was printed during the War called the Verlustliste, or simply the casualty list of all Austro-Hungarian army personnel wounded, killed or captured during the course of the War. It also gives information about when a soldier was born, where he came from and the particular role he may have held in the army (which can later be used to discover where he may have fought).

When glancing at the Verlustliste, it is mind boggling just thinking about the list of names. Thankfully, there is a neat search feature on the website that allows you to search through the OCR content. Be warned though, some of the names you look for may appear differently in the database. For example, if I am looking for "Županjac" (the name of today's Tomislavgrad during Austrian times) it may appear as Zupanjac, 2upanjac, Znpanjac, etc. This is where the search feature becomes your saving grace.

After some searching I stumbled on to a record that I thought was related to my great-grandfather:

Čurković Ante, PatrfTitUntJäg., bh. FJB. Nr. 4, 3. Komp., Bosnien, Zupanjac, Konto, 1883; verw.

Unfortunately, the record above is not my great-grandfather. My great-grandfather was born in 1877 and the record above clearly states 1883. Looking back at the old church records from that time, I was able to confirm that there was another Ante Ćurković who was born in 1883, sadly confirming that this was not my great-grandfather.

Although I did not find any information regarding Ante Ćurković, I did find a surprise when I found my other great-grandfather, Marko Škojo (1884-1944) listed twice:

Skojo Marko, Jäg., bh. FJB., 7. Komp., Bosnien, Zupanjac, Korito, 1884; kriegsgef.
Skojo Marko, LstJäg., bh. FJB. Nr. 1, 7. Komp., Bosnien, Županjac, Korito, 1884; kriegsgef., Wesselaja Gora, Gouvernement Jekaterinoslaw, Rußland.

Marko Škojo belonged to Bosnia-Hercegovina FJB or Feldjägerbataillon (rifle battalion), 7th company. It also notes that he was a prisoner of war on both occasions (kriegsgef.) In one particular instance he is mentioned in Vesela Gora (Luganska region of today's Ukraine). "Konto" or Korita (proper) may be where the nearest recruiting centre was located back home. These articles of information were printed in Volumes 306 (November 3, 1915) and 515 (January 20, 1917).

Although I did not yet find information on one great-grandfather, the news about my other one was a pleasant surprise. A good start for more possible investigations into my family's history. Let's hope I can uncover more information as I go!

Note: this blog post was modified on March 15, 2015 due to new information I uncovered. Originally I was under the assumption that the Ante Ćurković mentioned above was indeed my great-grandfather, albeit with an incorrectly given birth year.

January 7, 2015

Guess Who's Back?

By Ivan Ćurković   Posted on  Wednesday, January 07, 2015   Mijat Tomić 2 comments

Many years I ago I setup a website to help me share my family research with the world. Unfortunately, server issues combined with starting and raising my own family briefly took me away from one of my favourite hobbies - Croatian genealogy and family history research!

Today I am proud to say that I am back with a vengeance! Well, maybe not quite there yet. My website is still in the development stage but I figure I need to get the wheels in motion. If we wait for perfection then nothing will ever happen. I'm hoping that I develop some momentum with this brief first post.

You will notice that my page has a different look and feel now. I've moved away from WordPress (I still miss it) and have decided to give the Blogger platform a try.

The picture you see on this page is not a old Ćurković family member - it is the legendary 17th century hajduk, Mijat Tomić. A hajduk is a rebel who fights oppressors in the name of justice and for the defense of the common people. For this reason Mijat is often referred as the Croatian Robin Hood. He lived in the same neighbourhood as my father (Tomislavgrad, Bosnia-Hercegovina) and may even be connected to my family in someway (one of my direct ancestors was a Tomić from the same village of Brišnik). Although this website focuses primarily on the name I carry - hence the domain name - Mijat represents one of the more prominent historical figures in Tomislavgrad history. I've decided to use his image to brand my website. I'm sure you'll all agree that it's a great image!

At this point, I'm still not sure which direction to take this blog. I plan to take it slow and write as time and mood permits. I'll start by focusing on my namesake family ancestors. Eventually I may expand to other topics of interest, covering other areas of Bosnia, Hercegovina and Dalmatia. Appropriate considering that some folks actually consider the Buško Blato region as the intersecting point between these three regions.

The main purpose of my website is to connect with other Ćurković people across the world as a way to learn more about our interesting family histories. I encourage people to comment on my posts and will do my best to respond to every comment.

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